Throughout the Civil War, the mountain passes and roads between Tennessee and North Carolina were vital for the movement of troops and supplies. None were more important than the Buncombe Turnpike built in 1828 that ran through the mountains at Warm Springs, North Carolina. This area would see many conflicts throughout the war, with both sides trying to gain control of the area.
Come visit and experience firsthand Confederate and Union Armies clashing in battle. Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry elements will be engaged in controlling this vital ground. Visit period vendors and buy what the soldiers would have bought. Stroll through the camps and talk with the soldiers, listen to their stories, enjoy the camaraderie of their fires and songs.
|The passage of time, and the lack of first-hand information, usually drives historical content. Word of mouth, 'someone' told me, 'everyone' knows, are prime conduits of mis-information being accepted as historical fact. People tend to believe what is comfortable for them and that is perfectly natural. A deeper thinker that is more detached might pause to consider other aspects and facts, but we go with what we have and hopefully find our way through a historical minefield of emotional bombs that have laid dormant through 150 years of generations. With that being said, I offer up two sources of information from both sides. Both documents should be read for meaning, not factual black or white acceptance. The Confederate account is quite possibly overstating the numbers, for then as now, asking for 100 somethings from a government will usually get you 10. The Federal account, once you get past his humor, is probably more correct, and I believe they agree with each other. I would love to have other documented sources of information that are original and undoctored, so please contact me if you know of any.|
|In a thumbnail, from my perspective, the overall flow was like this: The 2NCMI was encamped and recruiting in the area. When their presence was discovered, a force of cavalry, infantry and artillery were sent to dislodge them. When the artillery was discovered, they turned back to Asheville, leaving the infantry without support. A messenger was sent to warn Woodfin too late, and he was killed and the cavalry routed, leaving the CSA infantry to fight the battle alone. After a few days of skirmishing, the CSA troops withdrew. Shortly after that, the Federals were ordered to withdraw, most of them eventually to the Cumberland Gap area.|
|Captain Smith, 2NCMI|
|Confederate references in the Official Records|
|An account by a Federal soldier of the events.|
|Newspaper account of Major Woodfin's death.|
|2NCMI casualties at Warm Springs|
|Postcards depicting the wooden bridge at the Warm Springs Hotel.|
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